What is karyotype

The karyotype used within the discipline of biology helps to supply chromosome maps. Chromosomes are categorised in keeping with characters corresponding to size, band options, centromere place.


Karyotype refers back to the association of chromosomes in a cell in keeping with a sure order after pairing them into an identical pairs of chromosomes. Every particular person’s chromosome quantity, form and dimension point out its karyotype.


Karyotype evaluation is a laboratory check to establish genetic issues that trigger a dysfunction or illness by inspecting the quantity and construction of chromosomes in cells.

Chromosomes examined in karyotype evaluation are divided into 7 teams from A to G. The intercourse chromosomes, which point out that they’re female and male, are outlined as X and Y. The traditional karyotype is 46 XX in females and 46 XY in males.


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