What is the 31 March Case?

The 31 March Incident was known as by this title as a result of it began on March 31, 1325 (April 13, 1909) in line with the Rumi Calendar. The Ottoman Empire suffered a heavy defeat in the Balkan wars in 1912 and misplaced territory.

These territorial losses and administrative dysfunction started to attract the response of the opposition regularly.

For that reason, the members of the Union and Progress Get together, which began to arrange in secret, started to search for methods to overthrow Abdulhamid II, who dominated the nation.


An important factor for this group, who thought that the nation was misplaced, was the future and survival of the Ottoman Empire. Particularly the domination of the Western states over the Ottoman Empire and the demand for land prompted the Committee of Union and Progress to take motion.


With the proclamation of the constitutional monarchy in 1908, along with a brand new political construction and a brand new mentality in the Ottoman Empire, a piece that was uncomfortable with this new mentality emerged, and the rising polarization and tensions in each civil society and the military created an atmosphere of insurrection.

THE Dominion of the Union and Progress

The staffing of the Committee of Union and Progress, which didn’t totally seize energy regardless of declaring the Constitutional Monarchy and established oblique management over the authorities, led to political instability.

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The dismissal of civil servants who contradicted the society, the arrest of those that didn’t take an oath to show that they joined the society, and the lack of life in numerous political formations had been causes of unrest.

Strain on the newspapers criticizing the Union and Progress and even on the sellers promoting these newspapers was considered one of the practices that created an environment of insurrection.


On this atmosphere, a couple of months after the proclamation of the constitutional monarchy, some minor uprisings in favor of response came about in Istanbul, however had been suppressed in a short while.

One in all these rebellions is the individuals who hung behind two academics, Kör Ali and İsmail Hakkı, at Fatih Mosque on October 7, 1908, to go to Yıldız Palace and show towards the constitutionalism.

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The insurrection, shaped by the troopers of the Third Armies in Thessaloniki and the Second Armies in Edirne, was suppressed when the Motion Military, which the Rumelian individuals voluntarily joined, got here to Istanbul.


After three days of combating, martial legislation was declared. Abdülhamid was dethroned and Mehmed V Reşad ascended the throne as a substitute.

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Those that participated and supported the revolt had been tried and 70 individuals had been executed, and 420 individuals had been sentenced to varied jail sentences.

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After the insurrection, Sultan Abdulhamid II, who dominated the nation for 33 years, was exiled to Greece by the members of the Union and Progress. Abdülhamid, who lived right here for a very long time, handed away.

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