What is extortion ?

The phrase irtikap, which was transferred from Arabic to Turkish, is derived from the phrase “ruküp” and means to do evil.

The phrase embezzlement, which suggests doing evil, is outlined within the structure as a criminal offense that solely public officers can commit.

Pursuant to the primary paragraph of Article 250 of the Turkish Penal Code No. 5237, a public official who compels an individual to learn himself or another person or to make a promise on this manner by abusing the affect supplied by his workplace, may have a prison duty on the grounds that he/she fulfills the weather of the extortion crime specified within the legislation.


The dictionary which means of the phrase irtikap is as follows:

To take bribes is to extort and embezzle.

In line with TDK, the which means of the phrase extortion is as follows:

  • Do not do unhealthy, do not do unhealthy
  • Venality
  • Do not lie, do not cheat

Though the phrases embezzlement and bribery are shut to one another, they don’t have the identical which means. Whereas the events are equal within the crime of bribery, the one that commits the crime within the crime of extortion is in a superior place as a result of he takes benefit of the troublesome scenario of the opposite occasion.

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So as to perceive the phrase irtikap, which is a authorized time period, three differing types should be identified.

Extortion by coercion: Demanding extra cash from an individual in public places of work or establishments resembling hospitals for a transaction they need to do is extortion by coercion. The penalty for this crime begins from 5 years, however in some circumstances, the perpetrators of the crime will be prosecuted with a 10-year jail sentence.

Extortion by negligence: It is an extortion crime primarily based on deception. The prison, who takes benefit of the ignorance of the opposite occasion about sure points, can demand cash by making the most of his current errors.

Acquisition by persuasion: Demanding cash for the availability of paperwork requested by the opposite occasion or for the conclusion of a job that he desires to be realized is known as extortion by persuasion. On this crime, the sufferer believes that his/her job can solely be settled by giving cash and thinks that the mentioned fee might be given throughout the scope of the legislation.


Instance: A choose acquits the defendant (though the defendant is responsible) for whom he was paid.

Instance: A doctor requests cash from sufferers’ family to advance the order of surgical procedure or paying an operator physician underneath the identify of knife cash.

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