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What is Cherry? What Are the Types, Features and Benefits?


Binomial name Prunus cerasus sour cherry is one of the fruits that everyone loves with its sour taste and magnificent appearance. In appearance tenan-like fruit is quite different from cherry. It is much easier to distinguish, especially with its taste and appearance. Cherry, whose homeland is around the Caspian Sea, is mostly seen in the Balkans. Hereinafter it is known as the most grown in Turkey.

Especially abroad to Europe via Turkey delivered cherries are also very loved by the Turkish people. Especially jam is indispensable for breakfast tables. The cherry tree, which grows to a maximum of 8 meters, is similar to the cherry for those who do not know how to distinguish. While the fruits of the cherry are bigger and darker; cherry is smaller and lighter in color.

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Unlike the cherry tree, the cherry tree is slightly smaller. The cherry tree, which is about 4 years old, begins to bear fruit slowly. It is possible to obtain yield from the cherry tree when the season comes from 4-5 years old to 50 years old. The abundance of fruit is also higher in proportion to its age.

What is Cherry?

Rosaceae (Rosaceae) Sour cherry is one of the plants with a life span of about 50 years. The tree, which produces red and double fruit, can yield for about 35 years. Sour cherry that emerged in the region between the North Anatolian Mountains and the Caspian Sea özgü a very long history. Especially the cherry used by the Turks around the Caspian is also a fruit that özgü taken its place in the traditions of the Balkan Turks. Therefore, it is also popular in Anatolia. The cherry is said to be spreading to Europe through Iran, Turkmenistan, including centers that are known today were imported from Turkey.

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What are the Types of Sour Cherry?

Exports to the world’s many points of cherry that grows in Turkey is made of almost every kind. Cherry, which started to bear fruit in July, is a plant whose taste changes according to its varieties. Favorite cherry variety It is a Kütahya cherry. This type of cherry is also preferred in the kitchens among the people. It is known that the heart-shaped cherry type özgü a juicy and sour texture.

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Widely produced in America montmorency is another type of cherry. The fruits of this tree, whose branches are hanging down near the ground, are also light red. However, there are dark red spots on these fruits. Dark red, sour and very juicy Hungarian cherry; The flesh is soft, itself is full, plenty of fruit juice is produced Mule cherry; giving fruit regularly every year Heimanns rubin cherry Also known are other cherry types.

What are the Properties of Sour Cherry?

About 50 years lifespan The cherry tree, which is cared regularly, can bear fruit in July every year. The fruits, which differ according to the region and season, can be in different flavors and colors. The thin skin of the cherry is more desirable. For this reason, especially Kütahya and Katırlı cherries are more popular. The quality of the cherry used in different areas of the kitchens is very important in terms of taste. Sour cherries that reach full maturity should be collected from the tree without falling. It is especially important that the collection is done manually. Otherwise, the fruit will be crushed. In addition, it should not be forgotten that the stain of the cherry does not come off the hands for a while.

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How is Cherry Grown?

In temperate climates Cherry that prefers to grow yields more easily in climates where summer is cool. The plant, which dries easily during droughts in summer, also decays easily when it is very cold. Cold temperatures below -40 degrees cause the cherry tree to rot and be affected by frost. The tree, which can withstand a maximum of -2 degrees after flowering, begins to bloom in the spring season. Although he wants water before it blooms, it is better to stay away from water when it starts to bloom. Excess water decreases fruit yield. At the same time, a fungal sorun occurs in the cherry tree in places with high humidity.

On Which Soils Does Cherry Grow?

Sour cherry with less soil selectivity sandy, clayey or chalky It özgü been revealed that it can easily yield products in soils. However, deeply dug soils with good drainage increase the fertility of cherry. It is very important that the soil is rich in minerals and organic. In this way, the development process of the tree and the flowering process are very fast. The fruit of the tree, which is fed and sprinkled as it wishes, will be as many. Of the soil light and highly permeable These are some of the factors to be considered when planting a cherry tree.

What Are the Benefits of Sour Cherry?

Cherry, which strengthens the immune system, enables the body to fight diseases more easily. It is considered healing thanks to the iron, calcium and phosphorus it contains. In addition to supporting a healthy diet, it also makes it easier for the person to lose weight. Other benefits of sour cherries that we drink by making ice-cold fruit juice in summer are;

  • Sour cherry, which allows the body to get rid of negative energy and relax, is also perfect for insomnia.
  • It strengthens the immune system. See here to learn about other ways to boost the immune system.
  • It is an anti-aging fruit.
  • It is beneficial in eye health.
  • It is rich in vitamins A and C.
  • It is good for the nervous system, reduces stress.
  • It reduces the likelihood of diseases such as chickenpox, mumps and measles.
  • It is good for cardiovascular health.
  • It inhibits or slows the growth of cancer cells.
  • It regulates cholesterol.
  • It is protective against Parkinson’s disease.
  • Being rich in fiber, it regulates the intestines.
  • It is good for brain health, good for diseases such as Alzheimer’s and forgetfulness.
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What Are the Side Effects of Sour Cherry?

In case of excessive consumption of cherry heartburn is known to cause. The fruit with high acid content increases the gas and acid production of the stomach. Therefore, heartburn is among the negative consequences that may occur. Cherry, which is not recommended for individuals with kidney failure and heart problems, may also cause adverse effects on the intestines. When you consume large amounts of cherries diarrhea it is inevitable that you will be

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