What is amphora

The phrase amphora is shaped by combining the phrases “amphi” that means double sided and “pherein” that means to hold. The amphoras of the tribes that dominated the Mediterranean earlier than the Greek amphoras are essentially the most used amphoras.

There are two totally different types of the amphora: the necked amphora, the place the neck half meets the physique at proper angles, or the one-piece amphora, the place this mix continues with a clean curve.

The necked amphora was first used within the ninth century BC, and the one-piece one within the seventh century BC.

6-2 BC. Within the festivities held in honor of the Goddess Athena between the nineteenth and sixteenth centuries, black amphorae stuffed with olive oil and figured on high have been used. These amphoras, which have a novel container kind, are referred to as panathenic amphorae.

The amphoras, which have reached our day in varied types from varied ages; It was used to move grain, olives, olive oil and wine. Particularly through the Roman interval, many amphorae have been produced to hold wine.

Wine amphorae are 39 liters in response to the Attic scale. Massive amphorae have been normally made to be used in tombstones or funeral rites.

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In accordance with TDK, The that means of the phrase amphora, which is of Latin origin, is as follows:

– Jug with two handles, pointed backside, slender neck, large stomach.


In historical instances, Sinop was the middle of amphora manufacturing and export. Archaeological excavations date again to the third century BC at Zeytinlik and Nisiköy on the Boztepe peninsula, and 3-4 years at Demirci Bay. century amphorae have been discovered.

In Anabasis, amphorae are talked about because the identify of the jars the place Mossioniks, one of many indigenous peoples of the Black Sea, saved dolphin oil:

There was additionally salted dolphin meat pressed into cubes, and dolphin oil in bowls.


Pointed Backside Amphora: It was typically used for buying and selling. Because of its pointed backside, it saves house in transport autos.

Nolan Amphora: It has a attribute construction with an outward-opening mouth and upward-extending handles.

Nicothenes Amphora: It was began to be produced by Nikosthenes in 530. It is primarily of Etruscan origin and was identified and cherished by the Greeks by commerce. The bottom of this amphora kind, which has a really outstanding mouth opening outwards and large handles, opens outwards.

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Ayla-Axum Amphorae

Research because the Nineties additionally increase the suspicion that this amphora kind could also be particular to the Byzantine or early Islamic interval. Because of this, it is typically known as “Aqaba Amphorae” within the literature.


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