The sanctions imposed by the US on Turkey for the acquisition of S-400 programs from Russia are referred to as CAATSA sanctions.
Referred to as the “Combating America’s Adversaries Via Sanctions Act”.
The CAATSA regulation was first enacted on August 2, 2017, with the approval of the congress and the signature of the then US President Donald Trump.
It envisages imposing sanctions on individuals and establishments which have vital exchanges with the protection or intelligence sectors of the Russian Federation or with establishments and individuals engaged on their behalf.
This text within the regulation constitutes the authorized foundation for imposing sanctions on Turkey as a result of S-400s.
Based on CAATSA, the President of the USA chooses 5 of the 12 sanction clauses outlined within the regulation to be enforced.
Sanctions can solely be revoked by the President of the USA after the problem inflicting the sanction has disappeared.
Based on the related article of the regulation, the President is obliged to pick and implement at the very least 5 of those 12 articles.
CAATSA LAW ARTICLES
Article 235 of CAATSA regulates the sanctions “to be introduced by the President of the USA to related individuals and organizations” in 12 articles:
1- Cessation of export and import financial institution assist to people and establishments coated by the sanctions.
2- Failure to grant a license to export items and expertise
3- Failure to acquire loans from US monetary establishments
4- Not giving loans from worldwide monetary establishments
5- Not permitting monetary establishments to commerce straight with the US Federal Reserve
6- Failure to make tenders or contracts with individuals or establishments coated by the sanctions
7- Prohibition of buying and selling in international forex
8- Fee or credit score between monetary establishments and banks
9- Prohibition of individuals or entities coated by the sanction from proudly owning actual property on US soil
10- Prohibition of trade of capital or debt from individuals or establishments that are inside the scope of sanctions by US individuals and establishments
11- Ban on entry to the USA of sanctioned individuals
12- Sanctions are additionally imposed on senior officers who’ve an identical operate to the individuals and establishments included within the sanction.