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Screening tests during pregnancy are vital


Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Assoc. Dr. Savaş Karakuş said that some tests are vital during pregnancy and talked concerning the tests that should be achieved.

This 40-week journey will take a while for you and your child to get used to one another and all of the adjustments you’ll expertise. To ensure that moms to have a wholesome pregnancy, they should have some tests achieved during their pregnancy. These tests assist each the infant and the mom to have a wholesome pregnancy course of. Based mostly on the outcomes of those tests, detecting treatable situations early on helps defend your child’s well being.

Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Assoc. Dr. Savaş Karakuş warned the expectant moms by stating that remedy could also be wanted after some tests to be carried out during pregnancy.

Screening tests during pregnancy are vital #1

THE BABY MAY NOT BE VISIBLE ON THE FIRST ULTRASOUND

Karakuş, saying that the primary take a look at to be achieved during pregnancy is the HCG take a look at, “The primary take a look at to be achieved during pregnancy is hCG. This take a look at is a blood pregnancy take a look at. The take a look at is necessary in distinguishing each pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy. Regardless of the preliminary optimistic pregnancy take a look at, pregnancy might not be seen on ultrasound. Willpower of blood group, blood depend and biochemistry tests are necessary for the analysis of the present well being standing of the mom. In circumstances the place the mom’s blood group is Rh detrimental and the daddy’s blood group is Rh optimistic, an oblique Coombs (blood incompatibility) take a look at ought to be carried out. Free T4 and TSH testing is important as a result of thyroid illness is necessary for each the mom’s well being and the infant’s growth. During pregnancy, screening for infections that may have an effect on each mom and child is important. These tests are; Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV, VDRL, syphilis, Tocoplasma, CMV, Rubella. These infections may end up in miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm start, progress retardation, congenital malformations, acute sickness at or after start. An entire urinalysis ought to be carried out at each examination of pregnancy; as a result of asymptomatic urinary tract infections detected by the take a look at during pregnancy, miscarriages, the specter of untimely start could cause the waters to come back early.” mentioned.

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Screening tests during pregnancy are vital #2

“DOUBLE SCREENING TEST MUST BE DONE BETWEEN 11-14 WEEKS”

Assoc. Dr. Savaş Karakuş said {that a} twin screening take a look at ought to be achieved between 11 and 14 weeks of pregnancy, “It’s 50-65 millimeters in size and eight grams in weight. During these weeks, leaping actions are seen. Within the ultrasound, the nape thickness of the infant is measured, by wanting on the nasal bone, it’s checked whether or not there may be some other anomaly. A double take a look at is completed. If the outcomes are discovered to be excessive danger after analysis, amniocentesis or cordocentesis is really useful within the subsequent step. In dangerous pregnancies, free fetal DNA (cell free DNA) take a look at could be carried out within the mom’s blood ranging from the tenth week. In Free Fetal DNA take a look at; Fetal chromosomes are examined by acquiring free fetal DNA from the mom’s blood. It isn’t a definitive diagnostic take a look at. Nevertheless, it’s thought-about a extremely dependable screening take a look at. Free Fetal DNA take a look at is really useful for sufferers with excessive danger in double or triple screening take a look at, if the mom is 35 years of age or older, for moms with a danger of chromosomal anomaly detected by ultrasound, for many who have a earlier historical past of child start with chromosomal anomalies, or for moms who’ve a danger of chromosomal anomalies on detailed ultrasound. Triple or quadruple testing could be achieved between 16-20 weeks. Double, triple, quadruple screening tests and free fetal DNA in maternal blood (cell free DNA) take a look at are screening tests. Within the second, third and fourth step tests, when excessive danger is detected, chorionic villus biopsy (CVS), amniocentesis or cordocentesis ought to be carried out in line with the gestational week to make the definitive analysis. used his statements.

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Screening tests during pregnancy are vital #3

NOT PERFORMING THESE TESTS MAY CAUSE PROBLEMS IN THE BABY

Assoc. Dr. Karakuş, referring to the necessity for a 75-gram sugar loading take a look at between 24-28 weeks, “The entire physique of your child, weighing as much as 450 grams, is roofed with nice hairs. Between 20-22 weeks, detailed ultrasound referred to as detailed ultrasonography is carried out to guage parameters such because the situation of the fetus’ organs, the situation of the placenta, the size of the cervix, and the blood movement within the vessels feeding the uterus. It’s attainable to higher consider some organs, particularly the center. During pregnancy, diabetes could be seen in pregnant girls who wouldn’t have diabetes because of the impact of hormones. That is referred to as gestational diabetes. After the analysis of gestational diabetes is made, if it’s not handled, it might probably trigger issues within the fetus and child whereas within the womb, during and after supply. For this goal, a 75-gram sugar loading take a look at is carried out between 24-28 weeks. This can be a diagnostic take a look at. One other take a look at is a 50-gram sugar take a look at as a screening take a look at. Nevertheless, in case of a excessive worth, a 100-gram glucose load take a look at is carried out for analysis. It may be achieved in two steps. In case your sugar is excessive, your food regimen ought to be regulated professionally and your pregnancy and blood sugar ought to be monitored extra carefully. In circumstances the place the mom’s blood group is Rh detrimental and the daddy’s blood group is Rh optimistic, the oblique Coombs (blood incompatibility take a look at) take a look at ought to be carried out. In pregnant girls with blood incompatibility, an oblique coombs take a look at ought to be carried out on the twenty eighth week, and in line with the consequence, the Rh standing of the fetus and the acceptance that the daddy has obtained the Rh group, blood incompatibility injection ought to be achieved. As a second method, blood incompatibility injection could be achieved after start, relying on the Rh standing of the infant, by following the direct coombs with out injecting the Rh incompatibility injection. Aside from these tests, your physician might request different tests crucial for you, and among the tests will likely be repeated during the pregnancy follow-up, and the change within the outcomes will likely be adopted. he mentioned.

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