This extraordinary picture from the NASA/ESA Hubble House Telescope of the galaxy cluster Abell 2813 (often known as ACO 2813) has an virtually delicate magnificence, which additionally illustrates the exceptional physics at work inside it. The picture spectacularly demonstrates the idea of gravitational lensing.
Among the many tiny dots, spirals, and ovals which are the galaxies belonging to the cluster, there are a number of distinct crescent shapes. These curved arcs of light aren’t curved galaxies. They’re sturdy examples of a phenomenon often called gravitational lensing.
Gravitational lensing happens when an object’s mass causes light to bend. The curved crescents and “S” shapes are light from galaxies that lie past Abell 2813. The galaxy cluster has a lot mass that it acts as a gravitational lens, bending light from extra distant galaxies round it. These distortions can seem as many completely different shapes, akin to lengthy strains or arcs.
This visible proof, that mass causes light to bend, is famously used as proof of Einstein’s concept of common relativity.
The picture is a compilation of observations taken with the Hubble House Telescope’s Superior Digicam for Surveys and Broad Subject Digicam 3.
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