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He Led Hitler’s Secret Police in Austria. Then He Spied for the West.


The Nazi leaders constructing that power wanted skilled cops, stated Michael Holzmann, the son of an Austrian Nazi who has for a few years been researching the actions of the Gestapo in that nation. “Huber seized this chance and turned from a bit investigator right into a most profitable chief of the Gestapo terror regime in former Austria,” he stated.

In March 1938, after Germany annexed Austria, Huber was made the Gestapo chief of the most vital a part of the nation, together with Vienna, the capital. Shortly after, the Gestapo started an in depth hunt for dissidents in Austria, and Huber gave orders “to arrest instantly undesirable, notably criminally motivated Jews and switch them to the focus camp Dachau.” A couple of days later, the first two transports of Jews left Vienna for the camp, with many extra to comply with.

Huber remained in his publish till the finish of the warfare, being given an increasing number of personnel and authority. Throughout that point, 70,000 Austrian Jews who weren’t capable of go away the nation have been murdered, near 40 p.c of the unique neighborhood, whereas their property was looted by the Nazis.

Eichmann confirmed at his trial that he was concerned in the deportation of Jews however refused to plead responsible to genocide, saying, “I didn’t have another possibility than to comply with the orders I received.”

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Huber took a special strategy. Chatting with an official of the Nuremberg warfare crimes tribunal in 1948 — who interviewed him as a witness, not a suspect — he stated he had recognized nothing about the extermination till the finish of 1944, when his deputy instructed him one thing obscure.

“However the historic proof paints a very totally different image,” says Prof. Moshe Zimmerman, a historian and Holocaust scholar at the Hebrew College of Jerusalem. “Eichmann could have been a face extra acquainted to the Jewish neighborhood, however the one who shared accountability for finishing up the terror towards the Jews, their assortment, their pressured boarding on the trains and their deportation to the camps, was the police and the Gestapo beneath Huber.”

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Supply: NYTimes

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