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Europe plans to increase LNG terminals


It has been a month since Russia entered Ukraine.

After the violent conflicts that broke out on the territory of Ukraine, a collection of steps had been taken to eliminate dependence on Russian gasoline, whereas European nations made sanctions choices one after one other.

Whereas many discourses had been expressed on this context, it was revealed that Europe’s liquefied pure gasoline (LNG) terminals are utilizing half capability.

EUROPE BUY 80 MILLION TONS OF LNG

Final yr, 380 million tons of LNG commerce was realized on this planet. About 80 million tons of that is bought by Europe.

Within the international market, 70 p.c of LNG is exported below long-term contracts. Due to this fact, the remaining 30 p.c of LNG is bought to the nation with the very best bid within the spot market. Many European nations that haven’t actively used LNG till now at the moment are critically contemplating this feature.

In accordance to the knowledge compiled from the info of the Worldwide Fuel Affiliation and “Fuel Infrastructure Europe”, Turkey and Israel had been additionally included within the checklist through which LNG terminals had been examined.

HIGHEST SHARE FROM SPAIN

When Turkey’s LNG terminals are included, Europe, which has a complete of 28 LNG import terminals, makes use of these terminals at half capability. Spain is within the data because the nation with essentially the most LNG terminals in Europe, with 6 terminals with an annual capability of 43.8 million tons.

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The UK, which has 3 LNG terminals with an annual capability of 38.1 million tons, is adopted by France with 4 LNG terminals with a capability of 25 million tons and Italy with an import capability of 11 million tons with 3 terminals.

Whereas Turkey has 2 LNG reception terminals, 1 every operates in Belgium, Greece, Portugal, the Netherlands and Poland. As well as, Turkey purchases LNG by way of 2 floating terminals every in Israel, Lithuania and Croatia.

As well as, small-scale terminals in nations corresponding to Norway, Sweden and Malta are usually not included within the checklist of LNG import terminals.

FULL CAPACITY NOT USED

Terminals in Europe at present have an annual LNG buy capability of shut to 150 million tons. Nonetheless, Europe, which imported 85 million tons of LNG in 2019, purchased 82 million LNG in 2020.

Europe, which meets 1 / 4 of its gasoline wants as LNG, makes use of simply over half of its import capability. Because of this there may be about 70-75 million tons of spare capability.

In accordance to the calculations, Spain accounts for 37 p.c of its capability, the UK 38 p.c, Italy 82 p.c, the Netherlands 77 p.c, Belgium 90 p.c, France 66 p.c, Portugal 70 p.c and Greece 49 p.c. he is utilizing it.

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The annual pure gasoline want of EU nations varies between 340-350 billion cubic meters in complete. Final yr, EU nations imported 140 billion cubic meters of gasoline and 15 billion cubic meters of gasoline as LNG from Russia by way of pipelines.

About 40 p.c of the EU’s complete gasoline consumption in 2021 got here from Russia.

NEW TERMINAL PLANS

Europe plans to construct 26 new LNG terminals within the coming interval so as to diversify its pure gasoline provide.

Germany, which doesn’t at present have any LNG terminals, will construct 2 LNG terminals. France and Spain will add 5 models to their current LNG thermals. Eire 3, Estonia 2, Croatia, Finland, Denmark, Poland, Ukraine, Malta and the UK will every construct 1 LNG terminal.

There are a lot of LNG tasks that had been deliberate in earlier years however couldn’t get sufficient funding, however after the warfare between Russia and Ukraine, LNG is anticipated to be on the agenda extra within the coming interval.

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